1 SAMUEL 1
Introduction: The Book of Samuel begins much like the Book of Luke, so don’t be surprised when you see these foreshadowings of the Gospels when they come up. I’ll try to point them out as we come upon them. But, like in Luke, a Levite family has traveled to the Tabernacle (Temple by Luke’s time) for one of the yearly feasts. The Levite’s wife is barren. In any case, both stories begin as though things are normal. But this year, things are not normal, because in Luke, Zechariah and Elizabeth are promised a son who would be the forerunner of the great King and in Samuel, Elkanah and Hannah have been promised a son who is the forerunner of King David. In many ways, the books of 1 and 2 Samuel (actually one book in the earliest manuscripts) could just as easily be called the books of David, because the events that take place after Ruth, where David’s genealogy is given, are all building up to the moment where David is crowned King of Israel. Could he be the promised one? No, he is not. But he is the ancestor of that Great King! Let’s listen in now on Hannah’s prayer to God and subsequent conversation with the high priest, Eli.
I. The Heritage of Samuel verses 1-10
A. His Land
B. His Genealogy (1 Chronicles 6:22-28, 33-38)
C. His Mother
1. The first of two wives
2. Barren-by God’s will
3. She was loved
4. She was mocked
II. Hannah’s Prayer verses 11-18
A. Her God-Lord Sabaoth
B. Her cry- Look, Remember, and do not Forget (Exodus 2:23-25, 3:7)
C. Her petition
D. Her promise
E. Her conversation with Eli
III. Her Prayer is Answered verses 19-20
A. God remembers
B. Samuel-Heard of God
IV. Hannah’s Promise Honored verses 21-28
A. Hannah doesn’t go!
B. Preeminence of God in the family
C. Hannah makes good on her promise
Conclusion: What started out as a normal yearly ritual turned into something far better! The barren woman has given birth to Samuel the prophet. And the blessings would continue for Hannah. After Samuel is given to the Lord, she is blessed by God with three more sons and two daughters. The last sentence of chapter one says, “So they worshiped the Lord there.” Next week we’ll see Hannah’s song of praise, but listen to the words of the Psalmist in Psalm 113.
Praise the LORD! Praise, O servants of the LORD, praise the name of the LORD! Blessed be the name of the LORD from this time forth and forevermore! From the rising of the sun to its setting, the name of the LORD is to be praised! The LORD is high above all nations, and his glory above the heavens! Who is like the LORD our God, who is seated on high, who looks far down on the heavens and the earth? He raises the poor from the dust and lifts the needy from the ash heap, to make them sit with princes, with the princes of his people. He gives the barren woman a home, making her the joyous mother of children. Praise the LORD!